Super Legends

Bhagwan Buddha
Bhagwan Mahavir
Guru Govind Singh
Samudra Gupta
Chandra Gupta

Social Service

Bindeshwar Pathak, Founder of Sulabh International Social Service Organization, is hailed as the Soldier of Sanitation. Sociologist, social activist, and a pioneer of a social reform movement in sanitation, Dr. Pathak believes the toilet is a tool for social change.

He has received a great deal of national and international recognition for his work, including the Stockholm Water Prize in 2009.

Sudha Varghese, Sudha Varghese, also known as Sister Sudha, is a social worker and Catholic nun in India who has devoted herself to the Musahar, the Dalit of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, one of the Scheduled Castes and who are considered the "untouchables". She resides and works in Jamsaut, a village in Patna district.

She is the chief executive officer of Nari Gunjan ("woman's voice"]), a not-for-profit organisation that provides education, literacy, vocational training, healthcare, advocacy and life skills for Dalit girls and women in Bihar. Nari Gunjan has 50 facilities with an overall enrolment of 1500 girls.

Varghese has stated that she draws inspiration from B. R. Ambedkar, a Dalit who fought against the concept of untouchability and was one of the drafters of the Constitution of India.

Dashrath Manjhi Dashrath Manjhi (1934 – 17 August 2007), also known as Mountain Man, was a poor labourer in Gehlaur village, near Gaya in Bihar, who carved a path 110 m long (360 ft), 9.1 m (30 ft) wide and 7.6 m (25 ft) deep through a hillock using only a hammer and chisel.

One day, while crossing Gehlour hills to bring him lunch, Manjhi's wife, Falguni Devi slipped down the hillock and her clay water pitcher broke. When Falguni Devi told Manjhi about it, Manjhi felt need to do something for society and decided to carve a path through the Gehlour hills so that his village could have easier access to medical attention. After 22 years (1966 - 1983) of work, Dashrath shortened travel between the Atri and Wazirganj blocks of Gaya town from 80 km to 3 kilometers.

Manjhi died on 17 Aug 2007 at the age of 73, while suffering from gall bladder cancer in All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi. He was given a state funeral by the Government of Bihar. For his feat, Manjhi became popularly known as the 'Mountain Man'. The Bihar government also proposed his name for the Padma Shree award in 2006 in social service sector and a stamp was released by India Post in the "Personalities of Bihar" series on 26th December 2016.

Films Division produced a documentary directed by Kumud Ranjan named The Man Who Moved the Mountain based on Manjhi's life in 2011. In August 2015, a Hindi movie Manjhi - The Mountain Man was released and well received. The movie was directed by Ketan Mehta. Nawazuddin Siddiqui played the role of Manjhi along with Radhika Apte as Falguni Devi.

Art & Culture

Bhikari Thakur Bhikari Thakur was a playwright, lyricist, actor, folk dancer, folk singer and social activist in Bhojpuri language popularly known as the "Shakespeare of Bhojpuri” in Bihar. He put together a play group at his native village and began to perform Ramlila, and wrote dramas, songs and novels. His literary creations including dramas (Bidesiya, Beti-Bechawa, Bidhawa-Bilaap etc.) and songs continue to be appreciated and performed even today.

Ustad Bismillah Khan Ustad Bismillah Khan was born on 21 March 1916 in a family of traditional Shia Muslim musicians in BhirungRaut Ki Gali, Dumraon, in what is now the eastern Indian state of Bihar

Born as Amiruddin Khan, often referred to by the honorific title Ustad, was an Indian musician credited with popularizing the shehnai, a subcontinental wind instrument of the oboe class. While the shehnai had long held importance as a folk instrument played primarily during traditional ceremonies, Khan is credited with elevating its status and bringing it to the concert stage.

He was awarded India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, in 2001, becoming the third classical musician after M. S. Subbulakshmi and Ravi Shankar to be accorded this distinction.

Ram Chatur Mallik (1902-1990) was an Indian classical musician and an exponent of the Darbhanga gharana of the Dhrupad tradition, one of the oldest genres of Hindustani vocal music.

Known to be the last of the court musicians of the Dharbanga court, he was a member of the Mallik family of singers. He was honoured by the Government of India in 1970 with Padma Shri, the fourth highest Indian civilian award.

Mallik was known to be adept at Khyal and Thumri, along with his chosen genre of Dhrupad and was associated with the leading singers of his time such as Ustad Amir Khan and Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan.[2] He followed the Darbhangagharana of Dhrupad[6]and his virtuosity in the Dhrupad was reported to have earned him the moniker, Dhrupad Samrat.

Sharda Sinha Sharda Sinha is the most celebrated and renowned folk singer of Bihar in both Bhojpuri and Maithili languages. India. She is known for her version of the Chhath Puja themed songs.

Sharda Sinha sings Maithili, Bhojpuri and Magahi songs, and has received the Padma Shri award for her contribution to music.

Prayag Sangeet Samiti organised Basant Mahotsava at Prayag and she regularly performs during Durga Puja festivities. She performed when the Prime Minister of Mauritius NavinRamgoolam came to Bihar.

Phanishwar Nath ‘Renu’ Phanishwar Nath ‘Renu’ (4 March 1921 – 11 April 1977) was one of the most successful and influential writers of modern Hindi literature in the post-Premchand era. He is the author of MailaAnchal, which after Premchand's Godaan, is regarded as the most significant Hindi novel. He was born on 4 March 1921 at village AurahiHingna near Forbesganj, in Araria district (then Purnia district), Bihar

PhanishwarNath 'Renu' is best known for promoting the voice of the contemporary rural India through the genre of 'AanchalikUpanyas' (Regional Story), and is placed amongst the pioneering Hindi writers who brought regional voices into the mainstream Hindi literature. His short story "Maare Gaye Gulfam" was adapted into a film TeesriKasam (The Third Vow),by Basu Bhattacharya (produced by the poet-lyricist Shailendra) in 1966 for which he also wrote the dialogues.Later his short story "Panchlight" (Petromax) was made into a TV short film.

Ram Dhari Singh Dinkar Ram Dhari Singh Dinkar(23 September 1908 – 24 April 1974) was an Indian Hindi poet, essayist, patriot and academic, who is considered as one of the most important modern Hindi poets.

His poetry exuded veer rasa, and he has been hailed as a Rashtrakavi ("National poet") on account of his inspiring patriotic compositions.[3] He was a regular poet of Hindi Kavisammelan on those days and is hailed to be as popular and connected to poetry lovers for Hindi speakers as Pushkin for Russians.

Dinkar initially supported the revolutionary movement during the Indian independence struggle, but later became a Gandhian. However, he used to call himself a 'Bad Gandhian' because he supported the feelings of indignation and revenge among the youth. In Kurukshetra, he accepted that war is destructive but argued that it is necessary for the protection of freedom. He was close to prominent nationalists of the time such as Rajendra Prasad, Anugrah Narayan Sinha, Sri Krishna Sinha, RambrikshBenipuri and Braj Kishore Prasad.

Dinkar was elected three times to the RajyaSabha, and he was the member of this house from 3 April 1952 to 26 January 1964, and was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1959. He was also the Vice-Chancellor of Bhagalpur University (Bhagalpur, Bihar) in the early 1960s.

Shivpujan Sahay, After his early education and a short stint as a Hindi language teacher at Ara (1903–1921), Acharya Shivpujan Sahay went to Kolkata to edit 'Marwari Sudhar' and then joined Matwala as an Editor in 1923. He moved to Lucknow in 1924 to join the editorial department of Dularelal Bhargava's Madhuri where he worked with noted Hindi author Munshi Premchand and edited his Rangbhumi and some of his other stories.

In 1925, he returned to Calcutta and engaged in editing short-lived journals such as Samanway, Mauji, Golmal,Upanyas Tarang. Finally, Sahay moved to Varanasi (Kāśi) in 1926 to work as a freelance editor. For a short period in 1931, he went to Sultanganj near Bhagalpur to edit Ganga. However, he returned to Varanasi in 1932 where he was commissioned to edit Jagaran, a literary fortnightly brought out by Jaishankar Prasad and his circle of friends. Sahay once again found himself working with Premchand. He also went on to become a prominent member of the Nagari Pracharini Sabha and similar literary circles in Varanasi.

Nagarjun Nagarjun (11 June 1911 – 5 November 1998) was a major Hindi and Maithili poet who has also penned a number of novels, short stories, literary biographies and travelogues, and was known as Janakavi- the People's Poet.

He was Born as VaidyaNath Mishra, in 1911, in the village of Satlakha in Madhubani District of Bihar, India, which was his mother's village. His original village is Tarauni in Darbhanga district, Bihar.

His famous poems like BādalkōGhiratēDēkhāhai (Hindi: बादलकोघिरतेदेखाहै), is a travelogue in its own right. His famous poem Mantra Kavita (मंत्रकविता), is widely considered the most accurate reflection of a whole generation's mindset in India. Another such poem is ĀōRānī Hama ḌhōēṅgēPālakī (Hindi: आओरानीहमढोएंगेपालकी), which sarcastically humiliates the then prime minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, for the extravagant welcome thrown by him for Queen Elizabeth.

Besides these accepted subjects of poetry, Nagarjun found poetic beauty in unconventional subjects. One of his most astonishing works is a poem based on a sow called With Sharp Teeth (पैनेदाँतोवाली). Another such creation is a series of poems on a full-grown jackfruit.Because of the breadth of his poetry, Nagarjun is considered the only Hindi poet after Tulsidas to have an audience ranging from the rural sections of society to the elite. He effectively freed poetry from the bounds of elitism.

Vikram Seth Vikram Seth, born June 20 1952, is an Indian novelist and poet. He was born in Kolkata but later studied at St Michael’s School and St Xavier’s High School at Patna and subsequently at Doon School in Dehradun. Later he moved to the United Kingdom and read Philosophy, Politics and Economics at Corpus Christi College, Oxford. He then pursued a Ph.D. in Economics at Stanford University.

Seth has received several awards including Padma Shri, SahityaAkademi Award, PravasiBharatiyaSamman, WH Smith Literary Award and Crossword Book Award. Seth's collections of poetry such as Mappings and Beastly Tales are notable contributions to the Indian English language poetry canon.

His father, PremNath Seth, was an executive of Liberty Shoes and his mother, Leila Seth, a barrister by training, became the first female Chief Justice of the Delhi High Court.Having lived in London for many years, Seth maintains residences near Salisbury, England

Raj Kamal Jha(born 1966) Raj Kamal Jha is Chief Editor of the daily newspaper The Indian Express and an internationally acclaimed novelist. He lives in Gurgaon.

Jha was born in Bhagalpur, Bihar, and was raised in Calcutta, West Bengal, where he went to school at St. Joseph's College.He then attended the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, where he got his Bachelor of Technology with Honors in Mechanical Engineering. After graduating from IIT in June 1988, he received a tuition waiver and full scholarship from Graduate School of Journalism at the University of Southern California to pursue a Master's program in Print Journalism.

Jha's first novel, The Blue Bedspread won the 2000 Commonwealth Writers' Prize for Best First Book (Eurasia region) and was a New York Times Notable Book of the Year. His second novel If You Are Afraid of Heights was a finalist for the Hutch-Crossword Book Award in 2003. His third novel, Fireproof, debuted in German at the Frankfurt Book Fair in October 2006 (published by Goldmann).Jha's fourth and latest novel She Will Build Him A City is published by Bloomsbury in India, Australia, UK and US.

Subodh Gupta, Subodh Gupta was born in 1964, Khagual, Bihar, the seat of Buddhist learning. He studied at the College of Art, Patna before moving to New Delhi where he currently lives and works. Trained as a painter, he went on to experiment with a variety of media. His work has stood out in major international biennials and has been the subject of numerous solo exhibitions across Asia, Europe and America.

Gupta is not only India’s most well-known artist, he has directed attention to some of the cultural concerns in South Asia. In a highly reductive language he combines formalism with a wry, incisive understanding of symbols and forms used in contemporary India. Village to city migration, the charged and unpredictable encounter with globalism and cultural hybridity are significant concepts in his work. As a sculptor, Gupta’s use of material is always strategic and deeply expressive of a conceptual context.

Ganga Devi, Ganga Devi (1928-1991) was an Indian painter,considered by many as one of the leading exponents of Madhubani painting tradition. She is credited with popularising the Madhubani painting outside India.

She was born in 1928 in Mithila in the Indian state of Bihar in a kayastha family and took to the traditional painting craft, specialising in the kachni (line drawing) style. She travelled abroad with her art and was a part of the Festival of India in the United States, which yielded a number of paintings under the title, America series, including Moscow Hotel, Festival of American Folk Life, and Ride in a Roller Coaster. The Government of India awarded her the National Award for Crafts and followed it up with the fourth highest civilian award of Padma Shri in 1984.

Bindhyavasini Devi, Bindhyavasini Devi (died 2006) was an Indian folk musician and the founder of Vindhya Kala Mandir, a Patna based music academy promoting folk music, Vindhya Kala Mandir is associated with Bhatkhande University, Lucknow for 55 years now.Which is now run by her daughter Pushparani Madhu, son Sudhir Kumar Sinha.

Media & Cinema

Satrughan Sinha Satrughan Sinha (born on 9 December 1945 in Gaya) is an Indian film actor turned politician. Apart from being member of Lok Sabha (2009-2014, 2014-2019) and RajyaSabha twice he was also Union Cabinet Minister of Health and Family Welfare (Jan 2003-May 2004) and Shipping (Aug. 2004) in the AtalBihari Vajpayee government. He was elected to 15th LokSabha in 2009.In 2016, his biography, entitled Anything but Khamosh, was released.

Sinha was born in Gaya Biharin a Kayastha family to Bhubaneswari Prasad Sinha & Shyama Devi Sinha. He is the youngest of four brothers — Ram, Lakshman, Bharat and himself. He was educated in Patna Science College. He is an alumnus of the Film and Television Institute of India Pune. Currently there's a scholarship being awarded in his name in the institute to Diploma students.He moved to Mumbai where he started his career in the film industry and also got married to former Miss India Poonam Sinha (née Chandiramani).

ShatrughanSinha's first acting opportunity was playing a Pakistani military officer in DevAnand's PremPujari. Subsequently, he got a small role as a police inspector in Mohan Sehgal’s Sajan in 1969. The release of PremPujari was delayed, so his first released film was Sajan. He played supporting roles in many films before appearing in Gulzar’s Mere Apne in 1971. He was cast along with PoonamSinha then Komal in the movie "Sabak" (1973). He later appeared in DulalGuha’s Dost in 1974 and in Kalicharan in 1976. Sinhawas selected by Rediff as one of the most unconventional actors in Hindi cinema (the others being Ajay Devgan, Amitabh Bachchan, Irfan Khan, Rajinikanth, Shahrukh Khan, and Sunil Shetty). In 2008, he became a judge on The Great Indian Laughter Challenge show, season 4 on STAR One TV. On 3 October 2009, Sinha appeared on Sony Entertainment Television Asia's show Dus Ka Dum season 2 as host for a special episode. He is currently hosting the Bhojpuri version of the popular game show KaunBanegaCrorepati on Mahuaa channel.

Prakash Jha Prakash Jha (born 27 February 1952) is an Indian film producer, actor, director and screenwriter, mostly known for his political and socio-political films such as Damul (1984), Mrityudand (1997), Gangaajal (2003), Apaharan (2005), including multistarrer hit movies Raajneeti (2010), Aarakshan (2011) Chakravyuh (2012), and Satyagraha (2013). He is also the maker of National Film Award winning documentaries like, Faces After The Storm (1984) and Sonal (2002).

Jha runs a production company, PrakashJha Productions.Jha also owns the P&M Mall in Patna and newly built P & M Hi-Tech Mall at Jamshedpur.

In 1974, and made his first documentary, Under the Blue in 1975, and continued to do so for next 8 years. During this period he made some highly politically charged documentaries, like the one of 'Bihar Sharif riots', titled, Faces After Storm (1984), which received considerable attention, as it was banned within 4–5 days of its releasethough later it won the National Film Award for Best Non-Feature Film for the year.

Finally, he made his debut, as a feature film director, Hip Hip Hurray in 1984, scripted by Gulzar and starring, Raj Kiran and Deepti Naval as leads. Next came, the film he received most recognition with, Damul(1984), which won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film and the Filmfare Critics Award for Best Movie in 1985. The film was based on the bonded labour issue in Bihar.

In 1986, he directed, Parinati, based on the story by Vijaydan Detha. Over the years he has made over 25 documentaries, 13 (Thirteen) feature films, two television features and three television series including the popular TV serial MungerilalKeHasinSapne. His Production Company has produced 5 films with independent directors.

In 2004,Prakash Jha directed a 112-minute film Loknayak based on the life of Bharat Ratna Jayaprakash Narayan.

In 2010, he directed Raajneeti, which was a contemporary take on the epic, Mahabharat. It starred Ajay Devgan, ManojBajpai, Naseeruddin Shah, Katrina Kaif, ArjunRampal, Nana Patekar and RanbirKapoor and was a critical and commercial success. His next venture was Aarakshan which starred Amitabh Bachchan, Saif Ali Khan DeepikaPadukone and PrateikBabbar. In 2012, Jha's next release Chakravyuh starred ArjunRampal, AbhayDeol, ManojBajpai, KabirBedi and Esha Gupta was released in Dussehra 2012. His next film Satyagraha (2013) starred Amitabh Bachchan and Ajay Devgan.

Manoj Bajpayee Manoj Bajpayee (born 23 April 1969 in Belwa, a small village in Narkatiaganj of West Champaran district in Bihar), is an Indian film actor who predominantly works in Hindi cinema and has also done Telugu and Tamil language films. He is the recipient of two National Film Awards and four Filmfare Awards.

Aspiring to be actor since childhood, he relocated to Delhi at the age of seventeen, and applied for the National School of Drama, only to be rejected four times. He continued to do theatre while studying in college. Bajpayee made his feature film debut with a one-minute role in Drohkaal (1994), and a minor role of a dacoit in ShekharKapur's Bandit Queen (1994). After a few unnoticed roles, he played the gangster BhikuMhatre in Ram GopalVarma's 1998 crime drama Satya, which proved to be a breakthrough. Bajpayee received the National Film Award for Best Supporting Actor and Filmfare Critics Award for Best Actor for the film. He then acted in films such as Kaun (1999) and Shool (1999). For the latter, he won his second Filmfare Critics Award for Best Actor. Bajpayee further played the role of a prince with two wives in Zubeidaa (2001), a serial killer in Aks (2001) and a hitchhiker-turned-psychopath killer in Road (2002).

Bajpayee won the Special Jury National Award for Pinjar (2003). This was followed by a series of brief, unnoticed roles in films that failed to propel his career forward. He then played a greedy politician in the political thriller Raajneeti (2010), which was well received. In 2012, Bajpayee essayed the role of Sardar Khan in Gangs of Wasseypur. His next roles were of a naxalite in Chakravyuh (2012), and a CBI officer in Special 26(2013). In 2016, he portrayed professor RamchandraSiras, in Hansal Mehta's biographical drama Aligarh, for which he won his third Filmfare Critics Award for Best Actor.

Manoj Tiwari, Manoj Tiwari is a politician, singer, and Bhojpuri cinema actor. In Bhojpuri cinema, he left his mark with some of the grocers, which gave him immense mass appeal among Poorvanchalis from Bihar and Eastern UP. He contested from Samajwadi Party from Gorakhpur constituency in 2009, but could win a Lok Sabha seat only in 2014 when he contested 2014 elections from BJP. Currently, he is heading the Delhi unit of BJP.

Imtiyaj Ali, Imtiaz Ali was born in Jamshedpur and spent some of his early years in Patna. His father Mansoor Ali was a contractor who did irrigation job, and as a child he would sometimes accompany him, which gave Imtiaz a sense of what was going on in the innards of India. His uncle, through his mother, is Pakistani TV actor and director/producer Khalid Ahmed. He had his early education in St. Michael's High School, Patna and later in D.B.M.S. English School, Jamshedpur, He is the brother of director Arif Ali (who made his directional debut with the film Lekar Hum Deewana Dil).

Uday Shankar, Uday Shankar (born 16 September 1962) is an Indian media executive and former journalist. As of 2019, he is President of The Walt Disney Company Asia Pacific, and chairman of Star India and The Walt Disney Company India.He also serves as the Vice President of FICCI. Earlier, he served with the same as the President of the M&E (Media & Entertainment) sector.

Shankar began his career in the TV-News industry at Zee TV as a news producer and rise rapidly. From Zee TV, he moved to Home TV, Sahara Samay, AajTak and finally Star News as its chief executive officer (CEO).

Later, he was appointed as chairman and CEO of Star India to oversee its entire broadcasting operations.

Shekhar Suman Shekhar Suman married Alka Suman on 4 May 1983, and has a son, Adhyayan Suman a Bollywood film actor. He was one of the judges of The Great Indian Laughter Challenge along with Navjot Singh Sidhu, besides several TV shows.

On television, he debuted in a popular serial "Wah Janaab" with Kiran Juneja. It was based on Lucknow culture. Suman's TV career included popular shows like Dekh Bhai Dekh, Reporter, Kabhi Idhar Kabhi Udhar, Chote Babu, Andaz, Amar Prem 'Aaha', Vilayati Babu, Movers n Shakers, Simply Shekhar and Carry On Shekhar. The last three were primarily modeled on and adapted from The Tonight Show with Jay Leno. He hosted Film Deewane The Great Indian Comedy Show on Star One until February 2006 and appeared in some episodes of Dial One Aur Jeeto on Sahara TV. He also did quiz shows including Nilaam Ghar on Zee TV and He-Man on Star One. He also hosted the Poll Khol show on STAR News for five years, which was a satire on Indian politics.

Industrialist & Social Entrepreneur

Ravindra Kishore Sinha, also known as RK Sinha, is an Indian billionaire businessman, politician and journalist. He is the founder of Security and Intelligence Services, a private security solutions provider in India and Australia.

Sinha is a graduate of Political Science and Law and started his career as a journalist. He created Security and Intelligence Services to help retired servicemen after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.

Sinha was elected to the Rajya Sabha to represent Bihar State by the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) as a Member of Parliament in the Indian Upper House in 2014.

Ram Nath Goenka Ram Nath Goenka(1904–1991) was an Indian newspaper publisher. He launched The Indian Express and created the Indian Express Group with various English and regional language publications. In 2000, India Todaymagazine, named him amongst their list of "100 People Who Shaped India".

Ramnath Goenka was born on 22 April 1904 in Darbhanga, Bihar

Anil Agarwal Anil Agarwal is the founder and Chairman of Vedanta Resources Plc. He controls Vedanta Resources Plc through Volcan Investments, a holding vehicle with a 61.7% stake in the business.

Vedanta Resources, headquartered in London, is a globally diversified natural resources conglomerate, with interests in zinc, lead, silver, copper, iron ore, aluminium, power generation, and oil and gas. The greatest share of its assets, however, is in England; Agarwal lives in India, but his heart and soul are in London. His philanthropic activities are targeted at eradicating poverty, by creating jobs and contributing to UK's GDP growth through his business operations.

He was born and brought up in Patna, India. He studied at Miller High School. At 19, he left Patna for Mumbai (then Bombay) to explore career opportunities.

King Mahendra Prasad King Mahendra Prasad Newcomer to the Forbes Billionaires list, Mahendra Prasad is a long-standing member of parliament and the founder of Indian generics maker Aristo Pharmaceuticals. With annual revenue of close to $300 million for the fiscal year ended March 2016, Aristo is among the top 20 pharma companies in India and has a presence overseas in countries such as Vietnam, Sri Lanka and Myanmar.

Prasad, who hails from the eastern state of Bihar, started a pharma venture in partnership with fellow billionaire Samprada Singh but went on to set up Aristo in 1973. The low profile tycoon, referred to as King Mahendra, loves to travel and enjoys gardening and deep-sea diving.

Samprada Singh Samprada Singh was the founder and chairman of Alkem Laboratories Ltd. which develops, manufactures, and markets pharmaceutical formulations and neutraceuticals in India. It has operations in Europe, Africa, the Asia pacific, South America, and the United States.

In 2013, he was ranked as the 48th richest man in India by Forbes Magazine. Alkem is now the 5th largest pharmaceutical company in India. As of 2017, he has an estimated net worth of $3.3 billion.

In 2009, Pharmaceutical Leadership Summit & Awards founded by Satya Brahma awarded the veteran leader with Lifetime Achievement Award for building Alkem as a top Indian Pharma Company. He also received the Ernst and Young 'Entrepreneur of the Year in Healthcare and Life Sciences' Award in 2017.