Motihari

Motihari is around 165 km northwest from Patna, the capital of Bihar, 45 km from Bettiah, and 72 km from Muzaffarpur. The city is close to Nepal. Birgunj, the second largest town of Nepal, is 55 km away.

The topography of Motihari is wonderfully scenic. The Motijheel Lake of stunning beauty (in classical terms) divides the town in two halves.

The district of East Champaran (Headquarter:Motihari) has already registered his indelible remark in historic pages of Indian national movement. Established in year 1866, the Champaran district got bifurcated in two parts. Named as Purbi Champaran (East Champaran) and Paschimi Champaran (West Champaran) on 1st December 1971. In early days the land of East Chamapran was ruled by different kingdoms as Videha,Sunga,Kanvas. But it was “Champaran Satyagrah” which gave a worldwide recognition to this place. Two eminent personality related to motihari are Mahatama Gandhi and George Orwell. One was well renowned for his pretty lethal weapon “AHINSA” (NON Violence) where as other used his pen against social injustice and totalitarianism.

BAPU Father of our nation while his visit to Champaran on request of Raj kumar Shukla (A farmer belonging to land of East Champaran), got impetus to start a movement against the dictatorship of British government. Those days the farmers of East Champaran were coerced to sow AFEEM (opium) and NEEL (indigo)on certain portion of their farms so that British government can make money out of it. These crops make the agricultural land infertile. Also British government was not paying enough money to the farmers and so the plight of farmers became worse with time. Fed up with this system , one of the farmer named Raj Kumar shukla invited Bapu to have a visit to their place and help them in extirpating this law to make their life better. To ameliorate the condition of these indenture farmers of Chamapran, BAPU visited Motihari on 10th April 1917. If we go by the report of AICC (All India congress committee) a huge mass has greeted him in his mission to get INDIPENDENCE and make INDIA free of BRITISH rules. The plight of these farmers made BAPU to start a historic movement named CHAMPARAN SATYAGRAH.

In spite of getting threatening messages from British government BAPU kept this movement alive and accepted the imprisonment. Respecting the summon , he appeared in court of Sub divisional magistrate of Motihari on 8th April 1917. There he avowed not to obey the Rules imposed by BRITISH govt. He also visited West champaran (Bettiah) on 22nd April 1917. It was the people of whole Champaran who participated in this movement to make it successful and that’s how this place got registered in the pages of Indian National movement. Besides non co-operation movement, demonstration against SIMON commission in year 1929, gathering in Motihari against the failure of Round table conference to pledge for Indian Independence are some more historic events related to this place.

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George Orwell - WRITER'S MEMORIAL

George Orwell, author of Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four, was born in Motihari in 1903. His father, Richard Walmesley Blair was a deputy posted in the opium department in Bihar. When he was one year old, George left for England with his mother and sister. Until recently, the town of Motihari was largely unaware of its connection with Orwell. In 2003, Motihari discovered its role in Orwell's life when a number of journalists arrived in the town for Orwell's hundredth birthday.

Khan Bahadur Azizul Huq was one of the two Indian police officers who worked with Edward Henry in the development of fingerprint classification, known as the Henry Classification System, died in Motihari in 1933. "It was Khan Bahadur Azizul Huq who evolved a mathematical formula to supplement Henry's idea of sorting slips in 1024 pigeon holes, based on fingerprint patterns. Rai Bahadur Hem Chandra Bose made further contribution to the fingerprint science by evolving an extended system of sub classification, a telegraphic code for finger impression and a system of single-digit classification."[11] Both Haque and Bose eventually received honoraria and recognition from the Government of India. At the time of final approval of the honorarium for Haque, the Home Department (Government of India) noted, "It appears from the information now received that he (Haque) was Sir Edward Henry's principal helper in perfecting the scheme and he actually himself devised the method of classification which is in universal use. He thus contributed most materially to a discovery which is of worldwide importance and has brought a great credit to the police of India. Upon retirement from the Police service in Bengal and Bihar, Khan Bahadur Azizul Huq settled in Motihari, and he is buried there.

A.F. Salahuddin Ahmed, National Professor of Bangladesh, a grandson of Khan Bahadur Azizul Huq was born in Motihari in 1924. He was educated at Presidency University, Kolkata, University of Pennsylvania, and University of London, and taught at eminent universities in Bangladesh: Jagannath College, Rajshahi University, Jahangir Nagar University, Dhaka University, and Independent University, Bangladesh, and wrote many books and articles in professional journals and newspapers.

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